Neolithic Hassuna Princess „Idol“, 6500-5700 B.C.

obr do aukce neolithic hassuna princessNeolithic Hassuna Princess „Idol“, 6500-5700 B.C.

Female anthropomorphic sculpture. 

It’s a cult idol of Hassuna culture – the oldest cultures of ceramic Neolithic in the Middle East (ca. 6500-5700 BC). It is the mother of cultures of ceramic Neolithic of the Middle East.

 

Culture: Hassuna

Period: Neolithic of the Middle East (ASPRO calibrated dating culture 6500-5700 B.C.)

Material: ceramics – terracotta

Dimensions: H: 4,5 cm

Conditions: Idol has broken head, cracks, peeled surface layer and the original dimples.

Provenance: 1923-1927 private collection from Czechoslovak archaeological expedition to the Middle East, since 1928 in the family collection.

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Unique anthropomorphic sculpture from Hassuna culture made of ceramics (fired clay). Made by style close RSBW (Red Slipped Burnished Ware) pottery, which was introduced by this culture. The only parallel to this Hassuna sculpture is a figurine from YarimTepe in the Baghdad Museum in Iraq (see the article Hassuna culture). It is also a sitting female idol made of terracotta with ritually broken off its head, in a similar style without significant modeling of hands. The other famous idols from Hassuna culture or Samarra-Hassuna culture are not longer close parallels, neither in material nor style.

Style of the sitting anthropomorphic figurines of the Middle East without modeling the hand is represented by many close parallels of the ceramic Neolithic period 7000-5500 B.C. from territory of Anatolia, Syria, Iraq, Iran. These idols are generally perceived as a cult. They are associated with the Great Mother goddess, the goddess of procreation and fertility, worshiped from the Neolithic to the Middle East, Anatolia, in Europe.

It is a miniature anthropomorphic female sculpture. Sitting, has a stubby stylized legs with highlighted parts of the buttocks and hips. Referring to the tradition of Neolithic idols of the Middle Eastern.

The bottom side of the sculpture is flat. In place of the head is broken off, his hands are lacking and on the upper part of the body the female attributes (breasts) are modeled. On its right thigh is oval dimple caused by evaporation after insufficient drying before the burning or falling the pebbles from the ceramic dough.

For every investment object of ancient art is issued a certificate of authenticity and TL dating in the German dating laboratory.

 

Bibliography:

Baghdad museum ,Iraq

Interacting with figurines, Harald Haarmann

Interpreting ancient figurines, Richard G. Lemure

 

 10% of the auction price or selling price donate to the charity project UNICEF – Conflict in Iraq 2014, Humanitarian crisis in Syria.